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The purpose of outlining is to organize your ideas so they can be easily read by the audience. 

Tou must complete the Research Paper Outline Document.  First, fill in your thesis statement.  Next, think about how you can logically organize your research.  Once you have categorized your research, create topic sentences that relate to your thesis statement.  Finally, fill in the evidence that relates to each topic sentence.  You can do this by using direct or indirect quotations.

Direct quotations

  • Exact words of a source.
  • Example: Chief Justice Earl Warren of the Supreme Court declared, “In the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” (Williams 13).

Indirect quotations

  • Summary or words from a source.  Use this option if the passage you want to reference is lengthy.
  • Example:  Chief Justice Earl Warren acknowledged that separate facilities were not funtionally equal (Williams 13).       

After your evidence, you must use parenthetical citations.